Prof. Matthew Zook from University of Kentucky is giving a presentation “Crowd-sourcing the Smart City: Big Geosocial Media Data, Ethics and Urban Governance” in Department of Geography PhD seminar on Wednesday 29 march 2017 at 16.15, Vanemuise 46-327.
Prof. Zook’s research focuses on geoweb and new spatial media in the age of digital technology, economic geography, augmented realities, codes and geosocial media. He is also the Director of the The DOLLY Project (Data On Local Life and You) which allows geolocated tweets for real-time research and analysis.
Our Mobility Lab member Age Poom defended her doctoral thesis titled ”Spatial aspects of the environmental load of consumption and mobility” on 2 March 2017 at University of Tartu Senate Hall.
Supervisors: Professor PhD Rein Ahas, PhD Kati Orru;
Opponent: Associate Professor PhD Tuuli Toivonen (University of Helsinki)
The thesis addresses the dilemma between the environmental benefits and disadvantages of urbanization across the settlement hierarchy of Estonia, aiming to get new insights about the effect of location on the environmental load of final consumption. It explores the carbon load and ecological footprint of the consumption and mobility behaviour of Estonian residents based on the data collected in Household Budget Survey (Statistics Estonia) and in surveys conducted among high school students and small enterprises providing knowledge-intensive business services.
The thesis brings out the lifestyle environmental impacts of additional consumption that occurs along higher degrees of urbanization both in dense urban cores and in their surrounding hinterland. Better availability and accessibility of various commodities, especially leisure-related goods and services, in higher hierarchy level settlements (i.e. in Tallinn, Tartu, and Pärnu together with their hinterland) favour their consumption and the consequent environmental load also when differences in income levels and other socio-demographic aspects of households are considered.
The thesis reveals the exceptional position of the residents of regional industrial centres in Estonian settlement hierarchy considering their significantly low environmental load from final consumption. This is only partially explained by lower affluence level and different ethnical composition of the population when compared to the rest of the country. It may be assumed that the industrial character, development peculiarities and environmental problems, lack of opportunities for self-expression, and low rate of social relations with the hinterland areas have hindered these regional centres to develop towards contemporary urban cores of active lifestyle.
Estonian spatial policy in local, regional, and national planning needs to consider the causes of spatially varying consumer behaviour in order to achieve a socio-environmentally balanced society.
Dear Livable City Forum Friend,
University of Tartu and Tartu City Government are happy to welcome all of you to the 3rd Livable City Forum that will be held in Tartu, Estonia, on March 7-8th!
The forum will address following questions:
- Which are the principles of the spatial planning of university space?
- How do universities evoke the migration of creative class and the development of knowledge economy?
- How are university landscapes related to the environmental and social values of cities?
- What are the benefits of stakeholder involvement and multilateral cooperation in spatial planning of universities?
- How do campuses influence the activities and mobility of university members?
More information, including the forum brochure, can be launched at http://livebalticcampus.eu/forum/. Please register before Feb 27th.
On behalf of the Livable City Forum team – Welcome!
More information: Kristi Post, firstname.lastname@example.org
You can now apply to our international master’s programme “Geoinformatics for Urbanised Society” from 2 January until 15 March.
New master’s programme prepares specialists and experts on spatial data management for various fields of life in public, private, or non-governmental sector. During the studies, the students get acquainted with the spatial processes and phenomena in the contemporary society and environment such as migration, urbanization, land use and climate change. In data oriented studios and courses, students get skills and know-how how to obtain, manage, analyse, and use data concerning these processes in spatial planning, decision-making, and policy-development.
More information: www.ut.ee/gis
13. December 2016 had Age Poom her PhD pre-defense: Location and environmental load.
Poom, A. and Ahas, R. 2016. How Does the Environmental Load of Household Consumption Depend on Residential Location? Sustainability 2016, 8, 799; doi:10.3390/su8090799
Poom, A., Orru, K., & Ahas, R. (2017). The carbon footprint of business travel in the knowledge-intensive service sector. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 50, 292-304.
Poom, A., Ahas, R., & Orru, K. (2014). The impact of residential location and settlement hierarchy on ecological footprint. Environment and Planning A, 46(10), 2369-2384.
Poom, A., Orru, K., Ahas, R. 2017. The carbon footprint of business travel in the knowledge-intensive service sector. Transportation Research Part D 50: 292-304. http://www.sciencedirect.com/…/article/pii/S1361920916308653
Business travel shows increasing trends around the world and knowledge-intensive work processes that require trust relations are often behind it. Mobility lab explores the reasons and amounts of business travel, the practices of business travel management, and the possibility to substitute business travel with virtual communication channels in knowledge-intensive service sector. Furthermore, with the help of active mobile positioning, focus groups and individual interviews, we relate real travelling amounts and corresponding carbon load to the importance of these trips.
Rein Ahas and Janika Raun from UT’s Mobility Lab introduced new ways of determining usual environment based on passive mobile positioning data (CDR) and smartphone based GPS data on the 14th Global Forum on Tourism Statistics.
is important because tourism is defined by traveling outside the usual environment. Therefore, the size of usual environment affects the number of tourism trips in official statistics, the balance of payments, the investments, etc. Mobile and GPS tracking helps us to define the usual environment in greater detail in time and space.
BIG data from mobile phones. Widespread opinion is that the advantage lies in large sample sizes and datasets, as the data is commonly aggregated to make generalisations. In fact, the advantage of new digital datasets (e.g. smartphone based GPS data) is the possibility to work with detailed individual data on long time periods.
Very good news! Our database “Infotechnological Mobility Observatory” (IMO) was added to Estonian Research Infrastructures Roadmap by Estonian Government on 27.10.2016 as “nationally important research infrastructure unit”